Crop and Pest Management Guidelines

A Cornell Cooperative Extension Publication
34129

4.2 Insecticide Information

34340

ACRAMITE

ACRAMITE (bifenazate) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 292-5898

Selected use: spider mites

Comments: Do not apply within 14 days of harvest. REI is 5 days for tying, turning, and girdling of table grapes and 12 hrs for all other activities. Both European red mite and two-spotted mite are listed for grapes on the current label. Acramite limited to one application per season.

34341

ACTARA

*NY†ACTARA (thiamethoxam) - RESTRICTED USE IN NY

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 888-8372

Selected use: leafhoppers, mealybugs, Japanese beetle

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 5 days. Maximum *NYActara allowed per growing season is 7 oz/A with a minimum interval between applications of 14 days. Not registered for use in Nassau and Suffolk Counties in New York State.

34342

ADMIRE PRO

*NYADMIRE PRO (imidacloprid) - RESTRICTED-USE IN NY

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected use: mealybugs, leafhoppers, grape phylloxera

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 30 days (soil) & 0 days (foliar) *NYAdmire Pro can now be applied both to soil, where it is systemic throughout the vine, and on foliage, where it shows translaminar activity. When applied to soil, *NYAdmire Pro works best when applied through a drip system, although it can be applied as a subsurface side-dress. Maximum allowed per season is 14.0 fluid ounces per acre for soil treatment and 2.8 fluid ounces per acre for foliar treatment. [*NYAlias 4F is a generic of soil applied imidacloprid that is also labeled for foliar application.]

34343

AGRI-MEK

*AGRI-MEK (abamectin) - RESTRICTED-USE PESTICIDE - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 888-8372

Selected use: two-spotted spider mite

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 28 days. Product must be applied in combination with nonionic surfactant. Do not make more than two applications per season. Amount of product per growing season cannot exceed 32 fl oz/A of ^*Agri-Mek 0.15EC or 7.0 fl oz *Agri-Mek SC. Ground application only. Currently, European red mite is not on the label. [^*ABBA 0.15 EC, and ^*Epi-mek 0.15 EC are generic miticides that have abamectin as active ingredient]

34344

ALTACOR

*NY†ALTACOR (chlorantraniliprole) - RESTRICTED-USE IN NY

Signal word: None

Medical emergency: (800) 441-3637

Selected use: Grape berry moth, climbing cutworm and Japanese beetle adults (use high rate)

Comments: Not registered for use in Nassau, Suffolk, Kings and Queens Counties of New York State. Also in NY, this product cannot be used within 100 feet of water body and aerial application is prohibited. Chlorantraniliprole is in the anthranilic diamide class of insecticides with a new mode of action that is selective against Lepidoptera and some other insect groups.

34345

ASSAIL

ASSAIL (acetamiprid) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (303) 623-5716

Selected uses: leafhoppers, plant bugs, grape phylloxera, mealybug, Japanese beetle and rose chafer

Comments: The active ingredient is in the same chemical class as *NYProvado (neonicotinoid) and is particularly effective against sucking insects such as leafhopper, but also has activity against some beetles such as Japanese beetle and rose chafer.

34346

AVAUNT

AVAUNT (indoxacarb) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 441-3637

Selected use: Japanese beetle, grape berry moth

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 7 days. Avaunt has activity against a number of chewing insects including Japanese beetle and grape berry moth. It will help suppress leafhoppers. Conserves some beneficial arthropods. Two applications per season with minimum of 21 days between applications.

34347

BAYTHROID XL

*BAYTHROID XL (beta-cyfluthrin) - RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE -read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected uses: leafhoppers, grape berry moth, minor insects

Comments REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 3 days. This is a broad-spectrum insecticide in the same chemical class as fenpropathrin and bifenthrin. Harsh on natural enemies and bees as well as aquatic organisms. Maximum use allowed per 14-day interval is 3.2 fl. ounces/A and maximum allowed per crop season is 12.8 fl. ounces/A. *Tombstone Helios insecticide is a generic pyrethroid that contains cyfluthrin as its active ingredient.

34348

BELT SC

*NYBELT SC (flubendiamide) - RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE IN NY - read the label

Signal word: Caution

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected uses: Lepidoptera pests

Comments: Not registered for use in Nassau and Suffolk Counties of New York State. Also in NY, this product cannot be used within 100 feet of water body. Aerial application is prohibited. Do not apply *NYBelt SC more than 3 times per crop season and do not apply more than 12 fl oz per acre per crop season. *NYBelt SC has a 7 days DTH and 12 hr REI.

34349

BIOBIT, DIPEL, DELIVER

BIOBIT, DIPEL, DELIVER (biological insecticides, active ingredient - Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 892-0099 (Dipel), (877) 315-9819 (Biobit), (800) 255-3924 (Deliver)

Selected use: grape berry moth

Comments: These bt products are highly selective insecticides. Larvae must eat deposits of the insecticide to be affected. Close scouting with early attention to infestation is recommended. Apply when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is needed to provide a uniform deposit at the site of larval feeding. Larvae stop feeding after eating a lethal dose of the insecticide and will die within several days. Consult the label for information concerning active ingredient, application, and tank-mix compatibility.

34350

BRIGADE

*BRIGADE (bifenthrin) - RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE -read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 331-3148

Selected uses: leafhoppers, grape berry moth, minor insects

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 30 days. This is a broad-spectrum insecticide in the same chemical class as fenpropathrin and cyfluthrin. Replaces *Capture 2 EC. There is also a WSB formulation. Harsh on natural enemies and bees as well as aquatic organisms. Maximum use allowed per acre per season is 6.4 fl oz (.1 lb ai). [*Bifenture EC, *Bifenture 10DF, *Fanfare 2 EC, and *Sniper are generic products that have bifenthrin as active ingredient]

34351

BRIGADIER

*BRIGADIER (bifenthrin & imidacloprid) - RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 331-3148

Selected uses: leafhoppers, grape berry moth, minor insects

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 30 days. This insecticide combines two active ingredients. Imidacloprid is a narrower spectrum insecticide in the neonicotinoid group that is particularly effective against sucking insects such as leafhoppers. Bifenthrin is a broad-spectrum pyrethroid insecticide in the same chemical class as fenpropathrin and cyfluthrin. Harsh on natural enemies and bees as well as aquatic organisms. Maximum use allowed per acre per season is 12.8 oz of product (0.1 lb ai for bifenthrin and 0.1 lb ai for imidacloprid). *Swagger is a generic product that includes both these active ingredients.

34352

CLUTCH

^CLUTCH (clothianidin) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 228-5635 Ext 174

Selected uses: Sucking insects

Comments: Not labeled for use in NY. This product is in the same chemical class as imidacloprid, although the different neonicotinoids differ somewhat in spectrum of activity. ^Clutch has activity against grape berry moth and Japanese beetle. No more than two applications per year are allowed. ^Clutch has a 0 day to harvest restriction and 12 hour REI.

34353

DANITOL

*DANITOL (fenpropathrin) - RESTRICTED-USE PESTICIDE - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 892-0099

Selected uses: leafhoppers, grape berry moth, minor insects

Comments: REI = 24 hrs, DTH = 21 days. *Danitol 2.4 EC is a broad-spectrum insecticide with some miticidal activity. Harsh on natural enemies and bees as well as aquatic organisms. Do not apply more than once every 7 days and do not exceed 42.66 fl oz/A per season. Frequent use may disrupt biological control of spider mites.

34354

DELEGATE

DELEGATE (spinetoram) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 992-5994

Selected use: Lepidoptera, thrips, spotted wing drosophila.

Comments: Delegate is the next generation development of spinosad, a fermentation product with insecticidal properties. Recent trials show it has good activity against grape berry moth. Do not apply more than 19.5 oz/A /year and do not make more than 5 applications per calendar year. Delegate has a 7 day to harvest restriction and 4 hour REI.

34355

DIAZINON

*DIAZINON (diazinon) - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: see label

Selected use: fruit fly

Comments: Newest labels no longer include grapes. For older product with labels that do include grape, do not apply within 28 days of harvest. Do not apply within 18 days of harvest if a spreader sticker is used.

34356

ENTRUST

ENTRUST (spinosad) - read the lable

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800)-992-5994

Selected use: Lepidoptera, thrips, spotted wing drosophila (in NYS with 2(ee))

Comments: Organic version of Spintor that originated from fermentation products with insecticidal properties. Residual activity somewhat limited and therefore may require back to back applications per generation for control of grape berry moth. Entrust has a 7 day harvest restriction and a 4 hour REI. Maximum of 0.36 lb ai/A during the season. No more than 5 applications are allowed per calendar year.

34357

EVERGREEN

EVERGREEN (pyrethrin) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (888) 740-8712

Selected uses: broad-spectrum, including multicolored Asian lady beetle

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 0 (until spray has dried). A broad-spectrum insecticide based on natural pyrethrins which are related to synthetic pyrethroids. Pyrethins have a relatively short residual. It is highly toxic to fish. Recent research in Ohio and New York suggests that Evergreen provides some control of multicolored Asian lady beetle by repelling adults as well as some toxic effects.

34358

HERO

*HERO (zeta-cypermenthrin & bifenthrin) - RESTRICTED-USE PESTICIDE - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 331-3148

Selected uses: broad-spectrum, including grape berry moth and Japanese beetle.

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 30. A broad-spectrum insecticide that combines two different synthetic pyrethroids. Maximum amount of product allowed per season is 10.4 fl ounces. Do not make applications less than 7 days apart.

34359

IMIDAN

*NYIMIDAN (phosmet) - Some formulations RESTRICTED-USE PESTICIDE IN NY - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (888) 478-0789

Selected uses: Japanese beetle, grape leafhopper, grape berry moth

Comments: Do not apply within 14 days of harvest for rates greater than 1 1/3 lbs per acre or 7 days for rates of 1 1/3 lb per acre or less. Do not enter treated area within 14 days. All hand labor prohibited for 14 days after application. For rates of 1 1/3 lbs or less, mechanical harvesting is permitted 7 days after application. Activity of *NYImidan may be reduced when the spray solution has a pH of 7 or higher. The pH of the spray solution must be corrected by the addition of a suitable buffering or acidifying agent for optimum insecticidal activity. Fixed copper formulations and lime should not be used with *NYImidan.

34360

INTREPID

^INTREPID (methoxyfenozide) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (215) 592-3000

Selected uses: grape berry moth and other Lepidoptera. NOTE: Only approved use of ^Intrepid in New York is on pome fruit. Although it is not legal to use in New York, it is legal to use in Pennsylvania.

Comments: This is an insect growth regulator that interferes with larval development. It appears to be most effective when applied at the start of egg-laying rather than at egg-hatch. Hence, ^Intrepid should be applied somewhat earlier than broad-spectrum materials such as carbaryl. ^Intrepid has been shown to have long residual (several weeks). Do not apply within 30 days of harvest. Latron B-1956 spreader/sticker is recommended to maximize coverage.

34361

JMS STYLET OIL

JMS STYLET OIL (aliphatic petroleum distillate) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (866) 778-9538

Selected uses: spider mites, powdery mildew - see Fungicides

Comments: Has some activity against spider mites, especially with repeated applications. Coordinate use with fungicide program. Multiple applications, starting at 3-inch shoot growth, have been shown to reduce populations of European red mites in a vineyard study conducted in the Finger Lakes. There are legal restrictions on the use of this product and compatibility problems with various nutrient sprays and other pesticides, including Captan, *Vendex, and sulfur. Check the label for details.

note: In controlled tests, two or more applications of JMS Stylet Oil near veraison have resulted in a modest but consistent lowering of Brix values (1° to 2°) at harvest. In contrast, applications before this period have had no effect on Brix values.

34362

KNACK

KNACK (pryriproxyfen) -

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 892-0099

Selected uses: Lepidoptera, sucking insects such as whiteflies, sharpshooters, soft scale.

Comments REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 21 days. This insecticide is an insect growth regulator that affects embryogenesis and molting. It does not directly harm adults though it will suppress egg laying in affected species.

34363

LEVERAGE 360

*LEVERAGE 360 (imidacloprid, beta-cyfluthrin) - RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE -read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected uses: leafhoppers, grape berry moth, minor insects

Comments REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 3 days. This insecticide contains two active ingredients, the more selective neonicotinoid imidacloprid and the broad-spectrum synthetic pyrethroid insecticide beta-cyfluthrin. Harsh on natural enemies and bees as well as aquatic organisms. A FIFRA 2(ee) recommendation is in place for *Leverage adding Japanese beetle adults in New York State. Maximum use allowed per season is 6.4 fl. ounces/A. An early formulation, *Leverage 2.7, continues to be labeled for use on grapes in NY and PA.

34364

LORSBAN ADVANCED, 4E

*LORSBAN ADVANCED, 4E (chlorpyrifos) - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 992-5994

Selected use: grape root borer, climbing cutworm, grape mealybug

Comments: REI = 24 hrs, DTH = 35 days. For grape root borer, apply to the ground just before pest emerges from the soil in mid- to late-summer. Do not allow spray to contact fruit or foliage at this time. For cutworm control, treat in minimum of 50 gallons of water when damaging populations are present as indicated by greater than 2% bud damage. Do not treat after bloom. For grape mealybug control, apply in minimum of 50 gallons at budswell but prior to budbreak. Applications after budbreak may result in transient leaf yellowing (Concord). Maximum single application rate for soil surface is 2.12 lb ai chlorpyrifos per acre. Maximum single application rate for prebloom application is 0.94 lb ai per acre. Note that except for some sites in eastern Pennsylvania, grape root borer is not a problem at the current time. [*Vulcan and *Warhawk are generic products that contain this active ingredient]

34365

M-PEDE

M-PEDE (insecticidal soap) - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (888) 478-0798

Selected uses: leafhopper, spider mites

Comments: Avoid spraying when blossoms are present. Apply early morning or when the temperature is lowest and the humidity is highest. Do not apply to vines under moisture stress or when temperature is above 90°F. Do not apply sprays in excess of 75 gallons of spray per acre to table grapes after grapes reach 1/4-inch diameter. If water has a high mineral content, check for compatibility. Consult the label for information concerning active ingredient, application, and tank-mix compatibility.

34366

MOVENTO

MOVENTO (spirotetramat) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected uses: Grape phylloxera, grape mealybug, tumid gallmaker (2ee). Suppression of European fruit lecanium scale.

Comments: New chemistry that is applied to foliage and has "2-way systemicity" moving to all areas of the vine. Movento has a minimum interval of 30 days between applications and a maximum of 12.5 fl oz per season. Must be used with spray adjuvant/additive having spreading and penetrating properties. However, do not use Induce on grape when fruit is present. Also, certain adjuvants are not compatible with some pesticides leading to phytotoxicity; consult labels. There is a 7 DTH and a 24 hr REI.

34367

MUSTANG MAX and MUSTANG MAXX

^*MUSTANG MAX and *MUSTANG MAXX (zeta-cypermethrin) - RESTRICTED-USE PESTICIDE - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (888) 331-3148

Selected uses: broad-spectrum including grape berry moth, eastern grape leafhopper, Japanese beetle, spotted wing drosophila and other vinegar flies and multicolored Asian lady beetle.

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 1 day. Do not apply more than 24 fl oz/A per season and wait at least 7 days between applications.

resistance warning: Problems controlling vinegar flies with pyrethroid insecticide has been discovered in one Finger Lakes vineyard. Research is currently underway to determine the extent of resistance problems with this and other insecticide classes.

34368

NEALTA

NEALTA (cyflumetofen) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 832-4357

Selected uses: mites, including two spotted spider mite and European red mite.

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 14 days. Active against eggs, immature stages and adult mites. Is not systemtic and therefore thorough coverage is important. Use in minimum of 50 gallons water. Is compatible with many species of natural enemies including predatory mites. To reduce development of resistance, must alternate with a miticide with a different mode of action after one application. Maximum allowed per season is 27.4 fl oz/A.

34369

NEXTER

†NEXTER (pyridaben) - read the label

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (888) 478-0798

Selected uses: mites, some activity against leafhoppers

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 7 days. Do not make more than 2 applications per season (21.34 oz/A), with a minimum of 30 days between applications. Do not apply by air. Lower rate effective against European red mite. Higher rate may be necessary for good control of two-spotted spider mite. Not registered for use on Long Island, NY.

34370

ONAGER MITICIDE

ONAGER MITICIDE (hexythiazox)

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (888) 478-0798

Selected uses: mites

Comments: Can only be applied through ground equipment. Toxic to eggs and motile immature mites and also sterilizes adult females. Impact on population growth is delayed.

34371

PLATINUM

*NYPLATINUM (thiamethoxam) - RESTRICTED USE IN NY

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 888-8372

Selected use: leafhoppers, mealybugs, grape phylloxera, Japanese beetle

Comments: REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 5 days. *NYPlatinum is a soil applied systemic neonicotinoid insecticide that is transported via roots throughout the vine. Works best when applied via a drip system. Maximum *NYPlatinum allowed per growing season is 17 fl oz/A.

34372

PORTAL

PORTAL (fenpyroximate)

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 348-5832

Selected uses: mites, mealybugs,

Comments: Insect growth regulator that stops mite feeding after application. Impact on population growth is delayed.

34373

PROVADO SOLUPACK

^PROVADO SOLUPACK (imidacloprid) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected use: Leafhoppers

Comments: The solupak is a 75% wettable powder formulation. Bayer is phasing out ^Provado formulations to be replaced by foliar application of *NYAdmire Pro. There is a 12-hour REI for this product. Applications can be made up to the day of harvest.

34374

PROVADO 1.6

*NYPROVADO 1.6 (imidacloprid) - RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE IN NY - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected use: Leafhoppers and some other sucking insects

Comments: Imidacloprid, applied to foliage, is not systemic. It is very effective against sucking insects such as leafhoppers. Mealybugs also included on label. Bayer is phasing out *NYProvado formulations to be replaced by foliar application of *NYAdmire Pro. There is a 12-hour REI for this product. Applications can be made up to the day of harvest. *NYPrey 1.6 is a generic product with imidacloprid as the active ingredient for foliar application.

34375

SEVIN

SEVIN (carbaryl) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION, WARNING. The signal word for Sevin 4F and XLR is CAUTION. The signal word for ^Sevin 80 Solupak is WARNING.

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected uses: Japanese beetle, grape leafhopper, grape berry moth, climbing cutworms, grape flea beetle, rose chafer, red-banded leafroller, eight-spotted forester, European fruit lecanium.

Comments: Do not apply within 7 days of harvest. Fixed copper formulations and lime should not be used with Sevin. Do not use this product in water with pH values above 8.0 unless a buffer is added. To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next 2 days. Note that for grapes, restricted entry interval for Sevin 4F and XLR is 2 days except for grape girdling and cane turning where the REI is 6 days. For ^Sevin 80 Solupak, REI is 12 hours.

resistance warning: Problems controlling Eastern grape leafhopper with carbaryl in a few Finger Lakes vineyards and grape berry moth in the Lake Erie region are suspected to have occurred because of resistance. Alternative materials, such as *NYAdmire Pro, *Danitol, or *Leverage for leafhoppers and *NY†Altacor, Avaunt, *Danitol, ^Intrepid or Bt for berry moth, are recommended for these vineyards.

34376

SIVANTO PRIME

*NYSIVANTO PRIME (flupyradifurone) -

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 334-7577

Selected uses: Leafhoppers, some other sucking insects.

Comments REI = 12 hrs in NY, 4 hrs in PA; DTH = 0 days when applied as foliar spray, 30 days when applied through soil. This insecticide belongs to a new class of chemicals known as butenolides. It has relatively wide spectrum of activity. It has systemic properties, the extent to which depends on method of application (foliar verses via soil). See label for more information.

34377

TOURISMO

*NY†TOURISMO (flubendiamide, buprofezin) - RESTRICTED USE PESTICIDE IN NY -read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 348-5832

Selected uses: grape berry moth, other Lepidoptera, mealybug

Comments REI = 12 hrs, DTH = 7 days. This insecticide contains two active ingredients, flubendiamide, the same active ingredient as found in *NYBelt SC (Lepidopterous insects), and buprofezin, an insect growth regulator found in *NYApplaud (mainly sucking insects). Do not apply more than 37 fl oz/A per season. Aerial application prohibited. Not registered for use in Nassau and Suffolk Counties of New York State.

34378

TRIPLE CROWN

^*TRIPLE CROWN (zeta-cypermethrin, bifenthrin, imidacloprid)

Signal word: WARNING

Medical emergency: (800) 331-3148

Selected uses: Leafhoppers, grape mealybug, cutworms.

Comments: This product contains two classes of insecticides (synthetic pyrethroid and neonicotinoid) that together have broad-spectrum activity. It includes spotted wing drosophila on the label. However, note the 30 day preharvest interval. Maximum amount of ^*Triple Crown per season is 10.2 fl oz.

34379

VENDEX

*VENDEX (fenbutatin-oxide) - RESTRICTED-USE PESTICIDE - read the label

Signal word: DANGER

Medical emergency: (866) 673-6671

Selected uses: European red mite, two-spotted spider mite

Comments: Do not apply *Vendex within 21 days of a previous application of this material. Do not enter treated area within 24 hours unless proper protective clothing is worn. Do not apply more than two times per season. Do not apply within 28 days of harvest. *Vendex 50WP is sold in 1-pound water soluble bags.

Do not use more than 2.5 pounds per acre.

NOTE: Do not use partial bags. *Vendex is not toxic to beneficial predatory mites. According to the Cornell Tree-Fruit Guidelines, *Vendex WP is compatible with fixed copper sprays, although when fixed copper is mixed with lime, alkaline hydrolysis may occur.

34380

VENOM

^VENOM (dinotefuran) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 892-0099

Selected uses: Sucking insects, multi-colored Asian lady beetle

Comments: Not labeled for use in NY. This product is in the same chemical class as imidacloprid, although the different neonicotinoids differ somewhat in spectrum of activity. ^Venom includes grape berry moth and multicolored Asian lady beetle on grape label. No more than three applications per year are allowed. ^Venom has a 1 day to harvest restriction and 12 hour REI.

34381

VOLIAM FLEXI

*NY†VOLIAM FLEXI (thiamethoxam & chlorantraniliprole) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 888-8372

Selected uses: Lepidoptera, leafhoppers and other sucking insects, Japanese beetle.

Comments: *NY†Voliam Flexi is now labeled for use in NY (2012). This insecticide combines two different active ingredients: chlorantraniliprole (the same active as
in *NY†Altacor) and thiamethoxam, in the same chemical class as *NYProvado (neonicotinoid). The two insecticide classes give *NY†Voliam Flexi a fairly broad spectrum of activity (see selected uses). Note that there is a limit of 9.0 oz per season of *NY†Voliam Flexi, including a limit of 0.2 lb of chlorantraniliprole, with a minimum of 14 d between applications. Not for use on Long Island. Aerial application prohibited in NYS. In NYS, do not apply within 100 feet of a water body.

34382

ZEAL

^ZEAL (etoxazole) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 892-0099

Selected uses: Two-spotted spider mite, European red mite

Comments: A selective miticide that mainly controls eggs and immature stages. Hence, may appear slow acting compared to miticides that target adults. Note that ^Zeal use on grapes is allowed by supplemental labeling. The user must have the supplemental label in their possession at the time of application. The REI for Zeal is 12 hours. Days to harvest is 14 days. Note that the manufacturer will no longer be producing this formulation (granular) in the future.

34383

ZEAL MITICIDE1

ZEAL MITICIDE1 (etoxazole) - read the label

Signal word: CAUTION

Medical emergency: (800) 892-0099

Selected uses: Two-spotted spider mite, European red mite

Comments: A selective miticide that mainly controls eggs and immature stages. Hence, may appear slow acting compared to miticides that target adults. The REI for Zeal Miticide1 is 12 hours. Days to harvest is 14 days. This product is only available in water soluble packets. Only 1 application per season allowed.

34130

Table 4.2.1 Effectiveness of insecticides for management of grape insects and mites.

 

 Pests

34131
 Material

 BGB

 GBM

 LH

 GP

 GCGL, JB

 GCGR

 GFB,CW

 GE, RBLR

 SB

 SF

 M

 GR

 RC

 abamectin (*Agri-mek, ^*ABBA)

 ?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 0?

 0?

 0?

 ?

 0?

 ?

 ++

 0?

 0?

 acetamiprid (Assail)

 ++

 0

 +++

 ++

 ++

 ?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 0

 ?

 +++

 Bt (Dipel DF, Deliver)

 0

 ++

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 ++

 0

 ++

 0

 0

 0

 bifenazate (Acramite)

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 +++

 0

 0

 bifenthrin (*Brigade)

 +++

 +++

 +++

 ?

 +++

 S?

 ++?

 ++?

 ++?

 ?

 ?

 +++

 ++?

 carbaryl (Sevin)

 +++

 +++

 +++

 0

 +++

 0

 +++

 +

 +++

 +++

 0

 +++

 +++

 chlorantraniliprole (*NY†Altacor)

 0?

 +++

 0

 0

 ++

 ?

 ++ (CW)

 ++

 ?

 ++?

 0

 ?

 ?

 cyflumetofen (Nealta)

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 +++

 0

 0

 beta-cyfluthrin (*Baythroid XL)

 ++?

 +++

 +++

 ?

 +++

 ?

 ++?

 ++?

 ++?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 *diazinon (*Diazinon)

 ?

 0

 ++

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 etoxazole (Zeal Miticide1)

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 +++

 0

 0

 fenbutatin-oxide (*Vendex)

 0?

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 +++

 0

 0

 fenpropathrin (*Danitol)

 +++

 +++

 +++

 ++

 +++

 ?

 ++

 ++

 ++

 ?

 ++

 +++

 ++

 flubendiamide (*NY†Belt)

 0?

 +++

 0

 0

 ++

 ?

 ++ (CW)

 ++?

 ?

 ++

 0

 ?

 ?

 indoxacarb (Avaunt)

 ?

 ++

 +

 ?

 ++

 ?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 0

 ?

 ?

 insecticidal soap (M-Pede)

 ?

 0

 ++

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 ?

 0

 0

 imidacloprid (*NYProvado, *NYAdmire Pro)

 ?

 0

 +++

 ++

 +

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 +++

 0

 methoxyfenozide (^Intrepid)

 0

 +++

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 ?

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 phosmet (*NYImidan)

 +++

 +++

 ++

 ?

 +++

 +++

 ++

 +++

 ++

 +

 0

 ?

 ++

 spinetoram (Delegate)

 

 +++

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 ++

 0

 ++

 0

 0

 0

 spinosad (Entrust)

 

 ++

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 +

 0

 +

 0

 0

 0

 spirotetramat (Movento)

 0

 0

 0

 +++

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 0

 +

 0

 0

 thiamethoxam, chlorantraniliprole (*NYVoliam Flexi)

 ?

 +++

 +++

 ++

 ++

 ?

 ++?

 ++?

 ?

 ++?

 0

 ?

 ?

 zeta-cypermethrin (^*Mustang Max)

 +++

 +++

 +++

 ?

 +++

 ?

 ?

 ++

 ++

 ?

 ?

 ?

 ?

 Key to pests:

 

 

 

 BGB = banded grape bug

 CW = cutworms

 GBM = grape berry moth

 GCGL = grape cane gallmaker

 GCGR = grape cane girdler

 GE = grapevine epimenis

 GFB = grape flea beetle

 GP = grape phylloxera

 GR = grape rootworm

 JB = Japanese beetle

 LH = leafhoppers

 M = mites

 RBLR = redbanded leafroller

 RC = rose chafer

 SB = steely beetle

 SF = 8 spotted forester

 Key to ratings:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 +++ = highly effective

 ++ =moderately effective

 + =slightly effective effective or not labeled

 0 =not

 ? =effectiveness not known

 * Federal restricted-use pesticide; may be purchased and used only by certified applicators or used by someone under the direct supervision of a certified applicator.

 *NY Restricted-use pesticide in New York State

 † Not for use in Nassau/Suffolk Counties

 ^ Not registered for use in New York State at press time

34132

Table 4.2.2 Insecticides for use in New York and Pennsylvania vineyards

Insecticide

IRAC Number1

Control method

Longevity

GBM

Leafhopper

Japanese Beetle

Toxic to Natural Enemies

Delegate

5

C, I

**

+++

+

+

Moderate

Spintor/Entrust

5

C, I

**

++

+

0

Moderate

Biobit, Dipel, Deliver, Javelin

11

I

*

++

0

0

Safe

^Intrepid

18

I

****

+++

0

0

Safe

Movento

23

S, C, I

***

Phylloxera, mealybug, and tumid gall midge control only

Moderate

*NYAltacor

28

C, I

***

+++

+

+++

Moderate

*NYBelt

28

C, I

***

+++

0

0

Moderate

*NYVoliam Flexi

28 + 4A

S, C, I

****

+++

+++

+++

Moderate

Sevin

1A

C

**

++

+++

+++

Toxic

*NYImidan

1B

C

***

+++

++

+++

Moderate

Avaunt

22A

C, I

**

++

+

++

Moderate

*NYTourismo

28 + 16

C, I

****

+++

0

0

Moderate

Evergreen

27A + 3A

C

*

+

+

+++

Moderate

*Baythroid

3A

C

***

+++

++++

+++

Toxic

*Brigade

3A

C

***

+++

++++

+++

Toxic

*Danitol

3A

C

***

+++

++++

+++

Toxic

^*Mustang Max

3A

C

***

+++

++++

+++

Toxic

*Hero

3A

C

***

+++

+++

+++

Toxic

Pyganic

3A

C

*

+

+

++

Moderate

*NYActara

4A

S, C, I

****

++

+++

+++

Moderate

*NYAdmire Pro

4A

S, I

****

0

+++

++

Moderate

Assail

4A

S, C, I

***

0

+++

+++

Moderate

*NYProvado

4A

S, C, I

***

0

++++

+++

Moderate

^Venom, ^Scorpion

4A

S, C, I

****

++

++++

+++

Moderate

*Brigadier

4A + 3A

S, C, I

****

+++

+++

+++

Toxic

*Leverage 360

4A + 3A

S, C, I

****

+++

+++

+++

Toxic?

*NYSivanto Prime

4D

S,I

****

0

+++

0

Toxic?

 Key:

 Control Method

 Longevity Rating

 Activity Key

 S = systemic locally or through vine

 * = 3-5 days

 0 = not effective

 C = Contact activity

 ** = 7 days

 + = slight

 I = Ingestion required

 *** = 7-10 days

 ++ = moderate

 

 **** = 10-14 days

 +++ = good

 

 

 ++++ = excellent

 1IRAC Number - indicates mode of action and chemical sub-group for the insecticide. Rotating mode of actions will decrease the chance of resistance development.

 * Federal restricted-use pesticide; may be purchased and used only by certified applicators or used by someone under the direct supervision of a certified applicator.

 *NY Restricted-use pesticide in New York State

 † Not for use in Nassau/Suffolk Counties

 ^ = not registered for use in New York State at press time

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